Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922)
husband of Marbel Gardiner Hubbard / Marbel Bell (1857 - 1923)
father of Elsie Bell / Elsie Hovey Grosvenor (1878 - 1964) Marion Hubbard Bell / Marion Fairchild (1880 - 1962)
grandfather of Melville Bell Grosvenor (1901 - 1982), Mabel H Grosvenor (1905 - 2006)
Graham Farchild (1906 - 1994), Nancy Bell Fairchild (born 1912)
Casey Baldwin (1882 - 1948), Aimee de Heeren (1903 - 2006)
Inventing the phone
1843 Samuel Fb Morse had invented the telegraph
making it possible to transmit instantenous messages of two distant points.
The invention required hand-delivery of messages between telegraph stations.
Messages cound be only send in one way at a time.
Alexander Graham Bell was working on an idea on improving this way of communication.
1876 february 14 11h30 am Alexander Graham Bell filed a trademark for the invention of the phone.
It was the 5th trademark application of the day.
1876 february 14 1h30 pm Elisha Grey, another inventor filed a similar trademark (39th trademark application of the day)
1876 march 7 Trademark Patent No. 174,465 granted to Alexander Graham Bell, a 29 years old inventor.
1876 march 10, three days later
"Mr Watson come here I need you"
After years of efforts suddenly was placed the first telephone call
Alexander Graham Bell talking to his assistance Thomas Watson
in his Boston Laboratory
A special connection with Brazil
1876 april Alexander Graham Bell was a teacher for death mutes in Boston.
Dom Pedro II (1825 - 1891), the Emperor of Brazil visiting the United States
came to Boston University and visited Bell's class of deaf-mutes.
The experiance later resulted in the first Brazilian school for deaf-mutes in Rio.
1876 mai 10 Opening of the Centenial Exhibition of Philadelphia Faimont Park.
Alexander Graham Bell presents the phone to Don Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil
The attention Don Pedro gave to Bell's invention was influenced by the fact they had already met at Boston University.
While the Exposition judges initially paid little attention to Bell's invention
the VIP celebrity of the expo's guest of honor, the Brazilian Emperor had a huge marketing impact.
Noticing the attention Don Pedro paid to Bell
the judges changed their mind
and Bell's phone won the gold price,
The price made the invention world famous.
historic Video about Alexander Graham Bell
presenting the phone to Dom Pedro II of Brazil
Video showing the impact of Don Pedro
promoting the invention of the phone
The emperor of Brazil is the first one to make the phone public
Videos in Portugeese and in Japaneese about Bell meeting Dom Pedro
1877 July 9: formation of the Bell Telephone Company.
Don Pedro is the first exterior investor to buy shares.
One of the first telephones in a private residence was installed in Petropolis
in the home of Dom Pedro.
From the first 5 cities where the telephone was used,
4 were in Brazil.
Visiting Paris and Cremerie de Paris
1881 nov Bell travelled to Paris for the Internation Exposition of Electricity
held at the Palais de l'industrie avenue des Champs Elysees.
At the expo he met Werner von Siemens who presented the electric tramway
and Gustave Trouve who presented an electric car.
Resumée of the Exposition de l"Electricité (in French)
Bell stayed at the Hotel Continental on rue de Rivoli, 20 min walking distance from Cremerie de Paris.
At the time the Eiffel Tower did not exist yet
but another spectacular construction attracted every visitor.
The Pavillons Baltard facing Cremerie de Paris.
The Pavillons were imagined by the former Empress Eugenie and constructed all in iron and glass.
The Video shows Paris during the times
Alexander Graham Bell came to visit.
It is not clear if Bell had been inside Cremerie de Paris, at the time a milk store at the foodmarket
but he later described the beauty of Les Halles to Aimée Sotto Maior.
Bell probably did not know about Cremerie de Paris centuries old Telecom History
going back to the year 1671 and the Royal French Postal Services
operated by the Pajot & Rouillé Postmasters exchange partner of and the Thurn & Taxis.
A Summer home in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada
1885 Bell discovered Baddeck during vacation.
1886 Bell bought land and started building a mansion later completed by a laboratory.
The property was named Beinn Bhreagh which in Gaelic means beautiful mountain
inspired by the Scottish highlands.
Getting old, having young friends, inventing
1910s Alexander Graham Bell loved to be with his young friends.
He sponsored their inventions that leaded the patch to airplanes
One of the young inventors holding a Tetrahedron Kite, photo by Alexander Graham Bell
Observing the flight of a circular Tetrahedral Kite.
Young Aeroplane inventors, on the right you can see Professor Bell.
Alexander Graham Bell surrounded by his young friends
first picture: Casey Baldwin, Tom Selfridge, Glenn Curtiss, Alexander Graham Bell, John McCurdy and Augustus Post
second picture: Tom Selfridge, Alexander Graham Bell, Casey Baldwin, John McCurdy
1919 sep 9 hydrofoil craft HD 4, developped by Casey Baldwin and Alexander Graham Bell, reaches a world marine speed record
Meeting Aimée Sotto Maior
1921 young Aimée Sotto Major accompagnied someone from the Braganca family
on a trip to the US East cost. They made an excusion to Nova Scotia, Canada
where they visited Alexander Graham Bell.
Alexander Graham Bell always surrounded by young people
gives Aimée an advise:
"To stay young you need to have young friends"
1891 Don Pedro dies,
but the Braganza family stayed in contact with Bell.
Over a hundred year later the Bell Braganca
connection would have an
impact on a new Telephone product
the Brazilian Whitepages
1998 (eventually 1997 have to verify)
the editor of this article happened to spend a Biarritz summer vacation
with Aimée Sotto Maior / Aimée de Heeren
and Isabelle Orleans Braganca / Countess de Paris (1911 - 2003)
Isabelle was the great-granddaughter of Don Pedro II
(Don Pedros daughter, Isabel Princess Imperial of Brazil
was the mother of Pedro de Alcântara,
the father of Isabelle Orélans Branganca)
Unfortunately at the time he did not know about the connection
between Bell and the Bragancas. It would have been very interesting
to see if Don Pedros great-granddaughter would know anything about him.
Isabelle Orleans Braganza was the mother of Henri Count of Paris (1933 - 2019)
and the stepmother of the lovely Micaela, Countess of Paris.
Does anybody know what happend to the shares Don Pedro
owned in the Bell company ??
They must have turned into a fortune.
1) Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922)
husband of Marbel Gardiner Hubbard / Marbel Bell (1857 - 1923)
1.1) Elsie Bell / Elsie Hovey Grosvenor (1878 - 1964)
married to Gilbert Grosvenor, editor National Geographic Magazine
1.2) Marion Hubbard Bell / Marion Fairchild also called Daisy (1880 - 1962)
married to David Fairchild, a botanist
1.3) Edward Bell (1881 - 1883)
1.4) Robert Bell (1883 - 1883)
1.1.1) Melville Bell Grosvenor (1901 - 1982)
1.1.2) Gertrude Hubbert Grosvenor (1903 - 1986)
1.1.3) Mabel Harlakenden Grosvenor (1905 - 2006)
1.1.4) Lilian Waters Grosvenor (1907-1985)
1.1.5) Alexander Graham Bell Grosvenor (1909-1915)
1.1.6) Elsie Alexandra Carolyn Grosvenor (1911- 2004)
1.1.7) Gloria Victoria Grosvenor (1918-1972)
1.2.1) Graham Farchild (1906 - 1994)
1.2.2) Nancy Bell Fairchild (born 1912)
188.8.131.52) Gilbert Melville Grosvenor (born 1931)
former chairman of National Geographic Society
184.108.40.206) Edwin S Grosvenor (born 1951), editor American Heritage
220.127.116.11.1) 18.104.22.168.2) 22.214.171.124.3)
126.96.36.199.1) Alexander M. Grosvenor
188.8.131.52.2) Stuart C. Grosvenor
more coming soon
AGB Foundation.ca Baddeck Canada
Cremerie de Paris Telecom Hotspot and Meeting Place of the World's most famous Brands
Phone Book of the World, a Telecom Story that started in 1671
Thurn-Taxis.com 730 years of Telecom History
Aimee de Heeren A secret service agent that walked through the entire 20th century
A history of the Telephone by Rod Willerton
The history of the Telephone by CNET
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