History & Timeline:
The story Begin when a group of businessmen Giovanni Agnelli join to realize a mutual dream: an Italian automobile offering “democratic mobility”.
The Founder: Giovanni Agnelli (1866 Villar Perosa, Italy- 1945 Turin, Italy)
Name: Fiat: Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (Italian Automobile Company Turin)
Headquarter: Via Nizza 250 Turin
Front of the Lingotto, headquarters of Fiat in Turin.
: The company was stablished in Turin.
The Fiat 4 HP the first model of car produced by FIAT based on a third party design.
: First Fiat plant opens with 35 staff; makes 24 cars.
: Giovanni Agnelli becomes Managing Director.
: The company is listed on the stock exchange and begins producing its first vehicles for goods transport.
: Out of a total 8 million lire in annual sales, export sales reach 6 million.
: The company begins manufacture of aircraft and marine engines, and trucks, buses, trams.
: Fiat launched Six new models.
: Fiat cars win the American Grand Prize, the Indianapolis 500-Mile Race and the Gothenburg-Stockholm Winter Cup.
: Lingotto factory is the largest in Europe at the time.
: Fiat comes out with the 501 “economy”, 505 and 510.
: Release many models, including SuperFiat, the 519, a six cylinder luxury car, the 509 and the 503.
: the arrival of the economical 514 and the elegant 525.
: The arrival of the “Littorina”, the world’s first railcar.
: The Tariffa Minima, better known as the Balilla, was very popular because of excellent gas mileage.
: Mirafiori plant introduce the most advanced working methods to Italy.
: The Fiat 016 locomotive broke the world speed record in the diesel engine category.
: The transatlantic liner Giulio Cesare, powered by a Fiat engine, enters service and Italy’s first jet, the Fiat G.80, takes flight.
: Arrival of the popular 600, the first Fiat rear-wheel drive passenger car.
: Launch of the two-door, five-seat Fiat 850 sedan.
: Fiat buys Lancia carmaker and half of Ferrari.
: The 128, Fiat’s first front-wheel drive car, is named “Car of the Year”.
: Fiat suffers first operating loss as result of strikes and the first oil price shock.
: Centro Ricerche Fiat is founded and Libya buys just under 10 percent of Fiat.
: Launch of the Panda, which immediately becomes key player in the economy segment.
: Alfa Romeo becomes part of the Group.
: the Fiat Tipo is named “Car of the Year”.
: The Company acquires the prestigious automaker Maserati.
: The Fiat Punto, Fiat Bravo-Brava and then the Alfa Romeo are named “Car of the Year”.
: Banks urge Fiat to sell Fiat Auto to DaimlerChrysler.
: Fiat asks for crisis status from government.
: Gianni Agnelli dies; brother Umberto takes over as head of family holding; a year later, Umberto dies.
: Fiat names turnaround expert Sergio Marchionne to be its fifth chief executive in two years.
: Fiat and GM dissolve five-year partnership with the U.S. auto giant paying Fiat.
: Fiat launches the new Bravo and Abarth one of the most prestigious sports car brands in history, the new Fiat 500 becomes “Car of the Year”.
: On June 10th, Fiat Group and Chrysler Group LLC announce a global strategic alliance.
: Alfa Romeo celebrates its 100th anniversary and debuts the new Giulietta.
: Fiat brand launches the 500L, a new addition to the highly-successful 500 family.
: Fiat Group increases its ownership in Chrysler Group and merge to create Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA).
: FCA announces a collaboration with Waymo (formerly the Google Self-Driving Car Project).
: FCA and Groupe PSA agree to a 50/50 merger that will create a leading global mobility company.